Greenhouse gas emissions trading system outreach to developing countries

Name of the project: Greenhouse gas emissions trading system outreach to developing countries
Program Area: CLC
Country: India
Project Length: March 2011 - September 2012
Sponsor: Development Solutions Europe Limited
Contact: arindam@inspirenetwork.org

Background
The EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) is a cornerstone of the European Union's policy to combat climate change and its key tool for reducing industrial greenhouse gas emissions cost-effectively. It is therefore, also, a key policy instrument to ensure EU economic competitiveness and growth as well as to increase energy security. Launched in 2005, the EU ETS works on the 'cap and trade' principle. Discussions are ongoing under the United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change (UNFCCC), but currently those developing countries stipulated as Non-Annex I parties, are not required to reduce their respective GHG emissions. However, nearly all key emerging economies (such as China, India and Brazil), have realized the potential from green growth and are presenting their respective voluntary GHG emission reduction strategies. In some of these countries, implementing ETS is considered a potentially interesting mechanism to curb emissions.

Objective
The overall objective of this project is to provide an assessment of institutional and procedural barriers, needs, constraints and opportunities related to the potential implementation of an ETS and to propose a capacity building program for the development and implementation of greenhouse gas emissions trading systems, including any transitional instruments. The purpose of the project is to explore the potential of introducing emission trading systems in China, India and Brazil, and to build technical capacity to develop and implement emission trading systems by means of technical, institutional, regulatory and stakeholder analysis.

All partners are contributing to the vital technical know-how of ETS and long-term experience in the beneficiary countries in a complementary way facilitating a well-balanced and all-encompassing execution of the project.

Installation of biomass based improved cook stoves and boilers in commercial institutions in Tamil Nadu

Name of the project: Installation of biomass based improved cook stoves and boilers in commercial institutions in Tamil Nadu
Program Area: CLC
Country: India
Project Length: December 2010 – December 2013
Sponsor: Eneco Energy Trade B.V., Netherlands
Contact: dinesh@inspirenetwork.org

Background The project activity aims to develop environment friendly cooking applications in commercial, educational and other enterprises in the state of Tamil Nadu. The project involves establishing 'Green Kitchens' and providing alternative fuel in the form of biomass briquettes for institutional customers. The project proposes to set up 240 Green Kitchens per year consisting of four biomass stoves and one steam boiler (100kg steam/hr capacity) over the next five years. It will replace LPG based cooking methods (cook stoves and boilers) in commercial educational institutions with an environment friendly option that mitigates GHG emissions. The biomass briquettes required will be manufactured by setting up manufacturing units in different locations in the state of Tamil Nadu.

The project activity is supported by Eneco Energy Trade B.V. from Netherlands.

SBEIL will design and develop Biomass Stoves for institutional cooking purposes and large scale cooking purpose. The company has also developed a technology for manufacturing Biomass Briquettes from Mango kernel shell. Sneha Bio Energy India Private Limited (SBEIL) is a Coimbatore based private limited company established in 2009 to develop environmental friendly technology solutions to improve human conditions and quality of life on a global scale.

Objective
The objective of the project is to facilitate registration of the project undertaken by Sneha Bio Energy Limited as a CDM project with UNFCCC. InsPIRE will prepare all the required CDM documentation and discharge all CDM related assistance to the project developer.

Activities
To facilitate the registration of this CDM project InsPIRE Network for Environment has undertaken the following
  • Preperation of Project Concept Note (PCN) and Project Design Document (PDD)
  • Facilitating implementation of stakeholder consultation for the project activity
  • Submission of CDM documentation to National CDM Authority NCDMA in India and facilitation for Host Country Approval (HCA) Process
  • Assistance in identifying DoE and facilitating validation process

Preparation of NATCOM Report under India's Second National Communication to the UNFCCC

Name of the project: Preparation of NATCOM Report under India's Second National Communication to the UNFCCC
Program Area: CLC
Country: India
Project Length: October 2011 – July 2011
Sponsor: Ministry of Environment & Forest (MoEF)
Contact: kinsuk@inspirenetwork.org

Background
InsPIRE has undertaken the project to synthesize, review and compile India's Second National Communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. As a part of India's commitment to UNFCC, the NATCOM Report seeks to provide comprehensive information, among other things, on the National Circumstances, National GHG Inventory, Impacts and assessments and steps and actions taken in India to mitigate and adapt to Climate Change. The activity is in accordance with Decision 17/CP.8 which provides the guidelines for the preparation of national communications from Parties not include in Annex I to the Convention.

India's Initial National Communication to the UNFCCC was submitted in June 2004. After the submission of India's First National Communication, the Ministry of Environment & Forests launched the preparatory activities for the preparation of India's Second National Communication (SNC or NATCOM II). A detailed work programme was developed under a National Steering Committee to facilitate research activities and participation of more than 75 institutions.

Objective
To collect and review studies commissioned to provide inputs for the Second National Communication To compile the outputs submitted by institutions participating in this activity To draft the contents of the Second National Communication from the outputs obtain from the implementation of the Work Programme for NATCOM II

To present the final report as a publication with chapters and all relevant annexures

Activities
In pursuance of this project, InsPIRE Network for Environment has undertaken the following
  • Study and review all reports submitted by scientific and research organizations for the purpose of preparation of the Second National Communication
  • Synthesis of all reports on different subjects allocated for the Second National Communication as per the framework given in the First NATCOM report
  • Identifying gaps and sources for relevant information
  • Presenting the Second National Communication as a compilation consisting of seven chapters
  • The aforementioned activities will be completed within the period 15 September 2010 to 15 March 2011.

Preparation of NATCOM Report under India's Second National Communication to the UNFCC

Name of the project: Preparation of NATCOM Report under India's Second National Communication to the UNFCC
Program Area: CLC
Country: India
Project Length: October 2011 – March 2011
Sponsor: Ministry of Environment & Forest (MoEF)
Contact: dinesh@inspirenetwork.org

The Project activity involves processing of biomass mango fruit waste into fuel briquettes and other value added products which is used in boilers in, small to big industries, school/college canteens, office canteens, commercial canteens, company canteen, religious place's kitchen, restaurants kitchens, cosmetic industries and confectionary industry. etc. Presently there are more than 50 mango pulp industries in Krishnagiri Tamil nadu which generates around 200000lakhs tons of waste per season. These mango waste are processed and made into fuel briquettes and mango oil. In turn the mango bio fuel briquettes will replace the existing fuel like Coal, furnace oil and LPG. The project proponent plans to install the machineries in the mango pulp processing factories. The project activity aims at reducing green-house emissions by processing the fruit waste biomass, particularly the mango waste in Tamil Nadu. InsPIRE is facilitating the project proponent in building up the CDM project for registration at UNFCCC.

Facilitation of CDM project on Green kitchen for Institutional Cooking

Name of the project: Greenhouse gas emissions trading system outreach to developing countries
Program Area: CLC
Country: India
Project Length: March 2010 – March 2010
Sponsor: SNEHA Bio Energy India Pvt. Ltd
Contact: dinesh@inspirenetwork.org

Most rural households in hilly areas in Tamil Nadu use traditional stoves which are inefficient in fuel use and emit smoke inside the kitchen causing various health hazards. Through the "Green Kitchen" project, Sneha Bio Energy sought to establish 750 such kitchens through installation of biomass briquette based improved cooking stoves and boilers in the next five years to cover districts in the midhills of Tamil Nadu as well as extend the program to the plains and high-hill areas of the state that are yet to benefit from improved cooking systems. The Company wanted to avail of clean development mechanism (CDM) benefits for this project.

The CLC division of InsPIRE is providing consultancy services for preparation of Project Design Document and the required services for registration of the project as CDM project activity under UNFCCC's Kyoto Protocol and assisting Sneha Bio Energy in all the stages of the CDM project lifecycle.

Fasilitation for registration of 10.2 MW Wind Farm project under CDM with UNFCCC

Name of the project: Fasilitation for registration of 10.2 MW Wind Farm project under CDM with UNFCCC
Program Area: CLC
Country: India
Project Length: Sept 2010 – July 2011
Sponsor: Rajasthan Renewable Energy Corporation Ltd
Contact: dinesh@inspirenetwork.org

RRECL has implemented a 10.2 MW (17x600kW) wind farm in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan and is keen on taking the wind power project through the CDM process and getting it registered as a CDM project activity. The project basically involves estimation of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) mitigation brought about by these projects, assessing the potential for being considered as a Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project, estimating the revenue earning potential from sale of Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from these projects, assessing necessary data collection for baseline scenario, preparing the necessary documentation (PIN, PCN and PDD) required for the CDM projects as per UNFCCC guidelines, assisting RRECL during validation, Host Country approval, registration, verification and certification and identification of potential CER buyers from the developed countries for trading of CERs and entering into agreement for sale and purchase of CERs.

Integrated Sustainable Solid Waste Management in Asia (ISSOWAMA)

Name of the project: Integrated Sustainable Solid Waste Management in Asia (ISSOWAMA)
Program Area: CLC
Country: South and South-East Asia
Project Length: Jan 2009 – July 2011
Sponsor: European Union
Contact: kaushik@inspirenetwork.org

Background
The principle objective of the Integrated Sustainable solid waste Management in Asia (ISSOWAMA) Coordination Action, funded by the European Commission under its FP7 is to raise awareness of the Integrated and Sustainable Waste Management (ISWM) approach. This focuses on all the elements in the waste management system from generation to final disposal. It also encompasses all the aspects such as social, institutional, legal, financial, economic, environmental and technical. It involves all the stakeholders at different levels in order to ensure the effective implementation of a sustainable system. It also aims at bringing together experts and stakeholders in the field of ISWM in Asian developing countries and Europe.

The project seeks to promote international cooperation between research organizations, universities, and social and governmental stakeholders (local waste processors, local municipalities and policy makers, local NGO representatives, etc) in the context of European and Asian countries.

With this aim, a solid waste management research coordination platform and a network will be established in order to coordinate, assess and guide suitable research and strategic activities for identifying aspects like cost effective and sorting technologies, environmental impacts, gaps in technical knowledge and socio-economic and policy barriers to further execution. The network will also propose directions for future research and local implementation.

Out of the overall six packages for the project, InsPIRE has been entrusted with the work of mapping and evaluation of solid waste management case studies. In order to select appropriate case studies for the activities foreseen for analysis of representative local case studies, and following a similar approach for mapping of solid waste management networks for existing networks, the beneficiaries defined a set of characterization criteria including technical and socio-economic parameters. These were later used to assess the performance of different technologies that are currently in place for managing the major waste streams in Asian developing countries. The evaluation was carried out along with the mapping of existing successful and non-successful case studies in solid waste management, which will allow better decision making.

Achievements
ISSOWAMA uses the case study approach. Good practice examples were sought out and documented in all the project countries in South Asia (Bangladesh, India), the Greater Mekong Sub-region (Cambodia, Thailand, China) and South East Asia (Indonesia and Philippines). These case studies demonstrated the ISWM method and showcased the wide variety of alternative approaches that have been adopted in the region and were used to draw out the lessons learned. This in turn helped the countries and cities to select the appropriate next steps in developing their own integrated and sustainable solid waste management system. Apart from evaluating the various cases received from partner countries (both objective and subjective evaluation), the team selected the best cases from each of the countries, ranked them and documented the best practices. InsPIRE also prepared cases from India regarding safe disposal of special wastes including e-waste, biomedical and other hazardous waste.

As a part of this project, the team has developed a performance assessment system for integrated waste management scenarios, which consisted of a set of qualitative sustainability criteria along with quantitative impact indicators, enabling assessment of waste management strategies. A mid-term review meet of the partner countries was held in Cambodia in May 2010. This meet discussed the understanding and the preliminary results of the various tasks undertaken by the different member countries including screening assessment and ISWM planning. During the course of this meet, thematic workshops and panel discussions on community-based and private initiatives on composting, recycling, final disposal at landfill and waste to energy conversion for different waste streams (municipal, medical, industrial, e-waste and agricultural) were held. The different impacts which were classified as technical, environmental and health, social and institutional and economic / financial were further discussed and deliberated. The agenda for the coming year was sorted out and the deadlines were also finalized in this meet.

The way ahead
Having successfully led the completion of ISSOWAMA work package-2, the project team is gearing up for the implementation of the work packages 3 and 4 during the next year. Work package 3 involves analysis of the relevant potential impacts of solid waste management in the Asian developing countries and review of the methodological approaches for the same. Work package 4, on the other hand, will focus on the evaluation of local case studies using different methodologies like EnTA, ERA, EIA and LCIA along with the ISWM approach. The learning from this activity is to be used to develop a set of guidelines for ISWM assessment methods in Asian countries.

IGES CDM Capacity Building in India for FY2010: Identification and development of CDM projects

Name of the project: IGES CDM Capacity Building in India for FY2010: Identification and development of CDM projects
Program Area: CLC
Country: India
Project Length: April 2010 to March 2011
Sponsor: Institute of Global Environment Strategies (IGES)
Contact: debajit@inspirenetwork.org

Background
The project involved strengthening and developing the knowledge and understanding of the CDM process in India. The project targeted project developers in India to provide the necessary know-how and skills to initiate clean development mechanism (CDM) activities.

Objective
The specific objectives of this project were
  1. CDM Capacity building for project developers
  2. Identifying potential CDM project developers and develop Project Design Documents (PDDs) to support the realization of a CDM project.
Activities
  1. Organizing workshop on CDM Capacity for Indian Project Developers
  2. As a part of the project InsPIRE is developing a PoA project – "Fuel Efficient Smokeless Cook Stoves in Small Way-side Hotels of Andhra Pradesh"
Achievements
  1. Baseline survey and research for CDM PoA project – ""Fuel Efficient Smokeless Cook Stoves in Small way-side Hotels of Andhra Pradesh"
  2. Identifying and engaging stakeholders and partner organizations for the PoA project
  3. Preparation of CDM documentation i.e. PCN, CPA-DD (Generic) and Specific CPA-DD for the PoA project
  4. Initiated process of securing HCA (Host country approval) from NCDMA (National CDM Authority of India) and finalizing the validation agency for the project

Introducing Energy Efficient and Low-Carbon Technology and Equipment to India

Name of the project: Introducing Energy Efficient and Low-Carbon Technology and Equipment to India
Program Area: CLC
Country: India
Project Length: September 2010 – March 2011
Sponsor: International Center for Environmental Technology Transfer (ICETT)
Contact: debajit@inspirenetwork.org

Background
The International Centre for Environmental Technology Transfer (ICETT), Japan, under its mandate of facilitating the transfer of energy efficient and low-carbon technologies and equipments to mitigate global warming, initiated a project in India titled "Project for Introducing Energy Efficient and Low-Carbon Technology and Equipment to India" (hereafter referred to as "the Project"). The goal of the project is to contribute to the mitigation of global warming by promoting energy efficiency in Indian industrial sector. Through this Project, it was envisaged that the Indian industry would enhance their technical understanding of energy efficient and low-carbon technologies and equipments as well as technical and managerial capacity to make their plant operation more profitable.

Objective
For achieving the above mentioned goal, the Project intended to identify the barriers towards reaching an agreement to transfer technologies and equipments, and the barriers towards diffusing the technologies and equipments to other areas or all over the country. In order to contribute to actual reduction in energy consumption and the resulting greenhouse gas emission reductions while benefiting the parties involved, the Project also plans Indian and Japanese companies in reaching agreements on projects to transfer technologies and equipments.

Achievements
The two most promising technologies suitable for promotion in Indian industrial sector which were identified by ICETT for further research in Indian industrial context were:
  1. Energy efficiency improvement of glass furnace
  2. Improvement of combustion efficiency of fossil fuel
InsPIRE selected Nulon India limited as a potential franchisee for promotion of the second of these technologies. Negotiations are on with Nulon and Growing Japan, the proprietor of this fuel called NEF or New Energy Fuel.

The specific objectives of this project which were accomplished in the last fiscal year during the course of this project were:
  1. Identification of barriers towards agreement between Japanese and Indian companies for transfer of energy efficient Japanese equipment and technologies to Indian companies.
  2. Identification of barriers towards diffusion of energy efficient Japanese equipment and technologies over entire Indian industrial sector.
  3. Identification of solutions for overcoming such barriers from Japanese and Indian perspective.
  4. Capacity building of the Indian industry for understanding and selection of most appropriate technologies and equipment for their plants to enhance technical and managerial infrastructure.

Accordion Section #10

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Accordion Section #11

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Accordion Section #12

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